Child Development: the influence of families

People depend strongly on education for child development.

Education is the currency that works anywhere and anytime.

We have to learn the right behaviors from the environment

since we aren’t naturally born with this knowledge.

This is why over the past decade, there have been remarkable data

on child and adolescent development and the roles of families.


Studies show that families have a strong influence on adolescent or child development than the child’s experience in childcare. In fact, according to the National Institute of Health (NIH) report, parent and family characteristics are two to three times more firmly associated with child development than childcare throughout the preschool years.

This article examines the influence of family involvement on children’s development as well as their learning outcomes.

What is a family?

A family describes a group of people living together based on marital connections, blood relations, birth or adoption, and other bonds. They are basically connected by a specific relationship and interact at a personal level. Each member has specific roles, and form and maintain a culture.

The function of the family as the major educator is argued to work together to educate the child. The family is the most essential component of the social organization with which we intimately cooperate with. The family environment is the leading educational environment because this is where every child gets their first education and guidance.

Families introduce children to appropriate social behaviors, group interactions, cultural norms, morals, education, and everything else you can think of. They implement social and cultural rules by teaching a child that their behaviors have consequences. Like telling a child that if he/she breaks a rule, they get punished or grounded.

So, it is clear that the first and most significant factor in a child’s development is the family.

Family involvement in child development

From different studies, it is safe to say that family involvement has a positive influence on a child’s social, emotional, cognitive, and mental development. Family involvement is the willingness of members of a family to become actively involved with their children’s learning. As well as their verbal and behavioral habits towards school and home activities.

The idea of family involvement stresses the significance of and need for family assistance in a child’s learning. It allows for a wider conceptualization of the functions of schools and families, as well as their influence on a child’s development. As a primary educator, the benefits parents get in instructing their children is the first opportunity to mirror the norm or values the child should possess.

Today, parents are more and more aware of the importance of their roles in their children’s education. They put different levels of efforts to support their children in learning. However, only a few parents create and maintain a conducive learning environment at home.

The application of distinct learning time for children, mentoring when children learn, allocation of a special budget for extra tutoring will only improve the child’s learning abilities alongside a conducive family environment.

Studies show that the type of family involvement that most influenced a child’s learning outcome involved the parents developing and preserving a strong communication about what happened in their school, having high expectations of their children, and encouraging a good reading culture.

Where and how the family can enhance a child’s development?

The level of family involvement in a child’s education is an essential component in the learning and development outcomes of the child during their early school periods. Their involvement will help shape and develop the child’s proficiencies, security, socialization, and values.


After birth, children begin to learn how to speak, how to think, they acquire motor skills, emotional skills, and emotional skills. it is important to constantly speak to your child. If you want your child to learn your language, you have to start speaking the language to them at a young age. Teaching your child your language and enrolling them in language classes at a young age is critical for child development.

Even if your child is constantly at the daycare, the influence of parents cannot be overemphasized. It seems natural when kids learn how to walk, sit up, hold objects, run, or climb. However, these skills must be refined at a young age to avoid bad posture or awkward social behaviors.

You can also reinforce your child’s independence extremely early when you overwhelm them with your overinvolvement. We understand that children are literally ‘walking hazards’ because they are prone to accidents. Still, just stay at a safe distance and watch them play. They’ll learn from their mistakes which is essential for their development.


As earlier stated, parents are the first components in child development. What your child sees you do and learns from their interactions with you, is what they’ll replicate. Your behavior towards others will also shape your child's relationship with others.

Through these interactions, your child will learn how to seek friendships, trust, and find comfort with others. It is imperative that you teach provide your child with tools for interpersonal development before they acquire technological skills. This will help them avoid the issues faced by children who rely excessively on technology.

You should also teach your children face-to-face interactions and try to maintain eye-contacts when interacting with them. Your facial expression, the tone of your voice, cues, immediate response, are all important. Also, make sure that members of your family put their smartphones and other devices away and spend quality time together as much as possible.


Security is important for child development. Actually, children acquire their basic sense of security from the family environment. Your kids depend on you to ensure that their fundamental needs are met, including food, shelter, and clothing.

Asides from these needs, children need a form of emotional security. Create consistency and a solid structure so your kids can feel secured. Avoid arguing in front of the kids and allow your children to be themselves when they are at home.

It is vital to create and maintain a secure and open environment for child development.  


Teach your child the type of value you want them to adopt. Have regular discussions about the importance of certain values and their consequences. If you want your child to be responsible, give them chores even when they are little. They can help in watering the garden, cleaning the table, setting the table, or cheer up a sibling when they are sick.  

Summing it up

Children aren’t the easiest humans to teach or raise. They can be noisy, unruly, and frustrating. However, the influence of family in child development is critical. You teach children by example. Don’t just instruct them, try to teach by mentoring them. It’s impossible to be perfect all the time, however, you can try your best and leave the rest. Remember, there’s no perfect family anywhere. Ensure you are involved in your child’s development and create a conducive learning environment. 


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